TABLE OF CONTENTS

NAME

Mojolicious::Plugin::DefaultHelpers - Default helpers plugin

SYNOPSIS

# Mojolicious
$self->plugin('DefaultHelpers');

# Mojolicious::Lite
plugin 'DefaultHelpers';

DESCRIPTION

Mojolicious::Plugin::DefaultHelpers is a collection of helpers for Mojolicious.

This is a core plugin, that means it is always enabled and its code a good example for learning to build new plugins, you're welcome to fork it.

See "PLUGINS" in Mojolicious::Plugins for a list of plugins that are available by default.

HELPERS

Mojolicious::Plugin::DefaultHelpers implements the following helpers.

accepts

my $formats = $c->accepts;
my $format  = $c->accepts('html', 'json', 'txt');

Select best possible representation for resource from Accept request header, format stash value or format GET/POST parameter with "accepts" in Mojolicious::Renderer, defaults to returning the first extension if no preference could be detected.

# Check if JSON is acceptable
$c->render(json => {hello => 'world'}) if $c->accepts('json');

# Check if JSON was specifically requested
$c->render(json => {hello => 'world'}) if $c->accepts('', 'json');

# Unsupported representation
$c->render(data => '', status => 204)
  unless my $format = $c->accepts('html', 'json');

# Detected representations to select from
my @formats = @{$c->accepts};

app

%= app->secrets->[0]

Alias for "app" in Mojolicious::Controller.

b

%= b('test 123')->b64_encode

Turn string into a Mojo::ByteStream object.

c

%= c(qw(a b c))->shuffle->join

Turn list into a Mojo::Collection object.

config

%= config 'something'

Alias for "config" in Mojo.

content

%= content foo => begin
  test
% end
%= content bar => 'Hello World!'
%= content 'foo'
%= content 'bar'
%= content

Store partial rendered content in named buffer and retrieve it, defaults to retrieving the named buffer content, which is commonly used for the renderers layout and extends features. Note that new content will be ignored if the named buffer is already in use.

content_for

% content_for foo => begin
  test
% end
%= content_for 'foo'

Append partial rendered content to named buffer and retrieve it. Note that named buffers are shared with the "content" helper.

% content_for message => begin
  Hello
% end
% content_for message => begin
  world!
% end
%= content_for 'message'

csrf_token

%= csrf_token

Get CSRF token from "session", and generate one if none exists.

current_route

% if (current_route 'login') {
  Welcome to Mojolicious!
% }
%= current_route

Check or get name of current route.

delay

$c->delay(sub {...}, sub {...});

Disable automatic rendering and use "delay" in Mojo::IOLoop to manage callbacks and control the flow of events, which can help you avoid deep nested closures and memory leaks that often result from continuation-passing style. Also keeps a reference to "tx" in Mojolicious::Controller in case the underlying connection gets closed early, and calls "reply->exception" if an exception gets thrown in one of the steps, breaking the chain.

# Longer version
$c->render_later;
my $tx    = $c->tx;
my $delay = Mojo::IOLoop->delay(sub {...}, sub {...});
$delay->catch(sub { $c->reply->exception(pop) and undef $tx })->wait;

# Non-blocking request
$c->delay(
  sub {
    my $delay = shift;
    $c->ua->get('http://mojolicio.us' => $delay->begin);
  },
  sub {
    my ($delay, $tx) = @_;
    $c->render(json => {title => $tx->res->dom->at('title')->text});
  }
);

dumper

%= dumper {some => 'data'}

Dump a Perl data structure with "dumper" in Mojo::Util.

extends

% extends 'blue';
% extends 'blue', title => 'Blue!';

Set extends stash value, all additional pairs get merged into the "stash".

flash

%= flash 'foo'

Alias for "flash" in Mojolicious::Controller.

inactivity_timeout

$c->inactivity_timeout(3600);

Use "stream" in Mojo::IOLoop to find the current connection and increase timeout if possible.

# Longer version
Mojo::IOLoop->stream($c->tx->connection)->timeout(3600);

include

%= include 'menubar'
%= include 'menubar', format => 'txt'

Alias for "render_to_string" in Mojolicious::Controller.

is_fresh

my $bool = $c->is_fresh;
my $bool = $c->is_fresh(etag => 'abc');
my $bool = $c->is_fresh(last_modified => $epoch);

Check freshness of request by comparing the If-None-Match and If-Modified-Since request headers to the ETag and Last-Modified response headers with "is_fresh" in Mojolicious::Static.

# Add ETag header and check freshness before rendering
$c->is_fresh(etag => 'abc')
  ? $c->rendered(304)
  : $c->render(text => 'I ♥ Mojolicious!');

layout

% layout 'green';
% layout 'green', title => 'Green!';

Set layout stash value, all additional pairs get merged into the "stash".

param

%= param 'foo'

Alias for "param" in Mojolicious::Controller.

reply->asset

$c->reply->asset(Mojo::Asset::File->new);

Reply with a Mojo::Asset::File or Mojo::Asset::Memory object using "serve_asset" in Mojolicious::Static, and perform content negotiation with Range, If-Modified-Since and If-None-Match headers.

# Serve asset with custom modification time
my $asset = Mojo::Asset::Memory->new;
$asset->add_chunk('Hello World!')->mtime(784111777);
$c->res->headers->content_type('text/plain');
$c->reply->asset($asset);

# Serve static file if it exists
if (my $asset = $c->app->static->file('images/logo.png')) {
  $c->res->headers->content_type('image/png');
  $c->reply->asset($asset);
}

reply->exception

$c = $c->reply->exception('Oops!');
$c = $c->reply->exception(Mojo::Exception->new('Oops!'));

Render the exception template exception.$mode.$format.* or exception.$format.* and set the response status code to 500. Also sets the stash values exception to a Mojo::Exception object and snapshot to a copy of the "stash" for use in the templates.

reply->not_found

$c = $c->reply->not_found;

Render the not found template not_found.$mode.$format.* or not_found.$format.* and set the response status code to 404. Also sets the stash value snapshot to a copy of the "stash" for use in the templates.

reply->static

my $bool = $c->reply->static('images/logo.png');
my $bool = $c->reply->static('../lib/MyApp.pm');

Reply with a static file using "serve" in Mojolicious::Static, usually from the public directories or DATA sections of your application. Note that this helper does not protect from traversing to parent directories.

# Serve file with a custom content type
$c->res->headers->content_type('application/myapp');
$c->reply->static('foo.txt');

session

%= session 'foo'

Alias for "session" in Mojolicious::Controller.

stash

%= stash 'foo'
% stash foo => 'bar';

Alias for "stash" in Mojolicious::Controller.

%= stash('name') // 'Somebody'

title

%= title
% title 'Welcome!';
% title 'Welcome!', foo => 'bar';

Get or set title stash value, all additional pairs get merged into the "stash".

ua

%= ua->get('mojolicio.us')->res->dom->at('title')->text

Alias for "ua" in Mojo.

url_for

%= url_for 'named', controller => 'bar', action => 'baz'

Alias for "url_for" in Mojolicious::Controller.

url_with

%= url_with 'named', controller => 'bar', action => 'baz'

Does the same as "url_for", but inherits query parameters from the current request.

%= url_with->query([page => 2])

validation

%= validation->param('foo')

Alias for "validation" in Mojolicious::Controller.

METHODS

Mojolicious::Plugin::DefaultHelpers inherits all methods from Mojolicious::Plugin and implements the following new ones.

register

$plugin->register(Mojolicious->new);

Register helpers in Mojolicious application.

SEE ALSO

Mojolicious, Mojolicious::Guides, http://mojolicio.us.