TABLE OF CONTENTS

NAME

Test::Mojo - Testing Mojo!

SYNOPSIS

use Test::More;
use Test::Mojo;

my $t = Test::Mojo->new('MyApp');

# HTML/XML
$t->get_ok('/welcome')->status_is(200)->text_is('div#message' => 'Hello!');

# JSON
$t->post_ok('/search.json' => form => {q => 'Perl'})
  ->status_is(200)
  ->header_is('Server' => 'Mojolicious (Perl)')
  ->header_isnt('X-Bender' => 'Bite my shiny metal ass!')
  ->json_is('/results/4/title' => 'Perl rocks!')
  ->json_like('/results/7/title' => qr/Perl/);

# WebSocket
$t->websocket_ok('/echo')
  ->send_ok('hello')
  ->message_ok
  ->message_is('echo: hello')
  ->finish_ok;

done_testing();

DESCRIPTION

Test::Mojo is a collection of testing helpers for everyone developing Mojo and Mojolicious applications, it is usually used together with Test::More.

ATTRIBUTES

Test::Mojo implements the following attributes.

message

my $msg = $t->message;
$t      = $t->message([text => $bytes]);

Current WebSocket message represented as an array reference containing the frame type and payload.

# More specific tests
use Mojo::JSON 'decode_json';
my $hash = decode_json $t->message->[1];
is ref $hash, 'HASH', 'right reference';
is $hash->{foo}, 'bar', 'right value';

# Test custom message
$t->message([binary => $bytes])
  ->json_message_has('/foo/bar')
  ->json_message_hasnt('/bar')
  ->json_message_is('/foo/baz' => {yada => [1, 2, 3]});

success

my $bool = $t->success;
$t       = $t->success($bool);

True if the last test was successful.

# Build custom tests
my $location_is = sub {
  my ($t, $value, $desc) = @_;
  $desc ||= "Location: $value";
  local $Test::Builder::Level = $Test::Builder::Level + 1;
  return $t->success(is($t->tx->res->headers->location, $value, $desc));
};
$t->get_ok('/')
  ->status_is(302)
  ->$location_is('http://mojolicio.us')
  ->or(sub { diag 'Must have been Joel!' });

tx

my $tx = $t->tx;
$t     = $t->tx(Mojo::Transaction::HTTP->new);

Current transaction, usually a Mojo::Transaction::HTTP object.

# More specific tests
is $t->tx->res->json->{foo}, 'bar', 'right value';
ok $t->tx->res->content->is_multipart, 'multipart content';

# Test custom transactions
$t->tx($t->tx->previous)->status_is(302)->header_like(Location => qr/foo/);

ua

my $ua = $t->ua;
$t     = $t->ua(Mojo::UserAgent->new);

User agent used for testing, defaults to a Mojo::UserAgent object.

# Allow redirects
$t->ua->max_redirects(10);

# Use absolute URL for request with Basic authentication
my $url = $t->ua->server->url->userinfo('sri:secr3t')->path('/secrets.json');
$t->post_ok($url => json => {limit => 10})
  ->status_is(200)
  ->json_is('/1/content', 'Mojo rocks!');

# Customize all transactions (including followed redirects)
$t->ua->on(start => sub {
  my ($ua, $tx) = @_;
  $tx->req->headers->accept_language('en-US');
});

METHODS

Test::Mojo inherits all methods from Mojo::Base and implements the following new ones.

app

my $app = $t->app;
$t      = $t->app(MyApp->new);

Access application with "app" in Mojo::UserAgent::Server.

# Change log level
$t->app->log->level('fatal');

# Test application directly
is $t->app->defaults->{foo}, 'bar', 'right value';
ok $t->app->routes->find('echo')->is_websocket, 'WebSocket route';
my $c = $t->app->build_controller;
ok $c->render(template => 'foo'), 'rendering was successful';
is $c->res->status, 200, 'right status';
is $c->res->body, 'Foo!', 'right content';

# Change application behavior
$t->app->hook(before_dispatch => sub {
  my $c = shift;
  $c->render(text => 'This request did not reach the router.')
    if $c->req->url->path->contains('/user');
});

# Extract additional information
my $stash;
$t->app->hook(after_dispatch => sub { $stash = shift->stash });

content_is

$t = $t->content_is('working!');
$t = $t->content_is('working!', 'right content');

Check response content for exact match after retrieving it from "text" in Mojo::Message.

content_isnt

$t = $t->content_isnt('working!');
$t = $t->content_isnt('working!', 'different content');

Opposite of "content_is".

content_like

$t = $t->content_like(qr/working!/);
$t = $t->content_like(qr/working!/, 'right content');

Check response content for similar match after retrieving it from "text" in Mojo::Message.

content_unlike

$t = $t->content_unlike(qr/working!/);
$t = $t->content_unlike(qr/working!/, 'different content');

Opposite of "content_like".

content_type_is

$t = $t->content_type_is('text/html');
$t = $t->content_type_is('text/html', 'right content type');

Check response Content-Type header for exact match.

content_type_isnt

$t = $t->content_type_isnt('text/html');
$t = $t->content_type_isnt('text/html', 'different content type');

Opposite of "content_type_is".

content_type_like

$t = $t->content_type_like(qr/text/);
$t = $t->content_type_like(qr/text/, 'right content type');

Check response Content-Type header for similar match.

content_type_unlike

$t = $t->content_type_unlike(qr/text/);
$t = $t->content_type_unlike(qr/text/, 'different content type');

Opposite of "content_type_like".

delete_ok

$t = $t->delete_ok('/foo');
$t = $t->delete_ok('/foo' => {Accept => '*/*'} => 'Hi!');
$t = $t->delete_ok('/foo' => {Accept => '*/*'} => form => {a => 'b'});
$t = $t->delete_ok('/foo' => {Accept => '*/*'} => json => {a => 'b'});

Perform a DELETE request and check for transport errors, takes the same arguments as "delete" in Mojo::UserAgent, except for the callback.

element_exists

$t = $t->element_exists('div.foo[x=y]');
$t = $t->element_exists('html head title', 'has a title');

Checks for existence of the CSS selectors first matching HTML/XML element with "at" in Mojo::DOM.

element_exists_not

$t = $t->element_exists_not('div.foo[x=y]');
$t = $t->element_exists_not('html head title', 'has no title');

Opposite of "element_exists".

finish_ok

$t = $t->finish_ok;
$t = $t->finish_ok(1000);
$t = $t->finish_ok(1003 => 'Cannot accept data!');

Close WebSocket connection gracefully.

finished_ok

$t = $t->finished_ok(1000);

Wait for WebSocket connection to be closed gracefully and check status.

get_ok

$t = $t->get_ok('/foo');
$t = $t->get_ok('/foo' => {Accept => '*/*'} => 'Hi!');
$t = $t->get_ok('/foo' => {Accept => '*/*'} => form => {a => 'b'});
$t = $t->get_ok('/foo' => {Accept => '*/*'} => json => {a => 'b'});

Perform a GET request and check for transport errors, takes the same arguments as "get" in Mojo::UserAgent, except for the callback.

# Run tests against remote host
$t->get_ok('http://mojolicio.us/perldoc')->status_is(200);

# Run additional tests on the transaction
$t->get_ok('/foo')->status_is(200);
is $t->tx->res->dom->at('input')->val, 'whatever', 'right value';

head_ok

$t = $t->head_ok('/foo');
$t = $t->head_ok('/foo' => {Accept => '*/*'} => 'Hi!');
$t = $t->head_ok('/foo' => {Accept => '*/*'} => form => {a => 'b'});
$t = $t->head_ok('/foo' => {Accept => '*/*'} => json => {a => 'b'});

Perform a HEAD request and check for transport errors, takes the same arguments as "head" in Mojo::UserAgent, except for the callback.

header_is

$t = $t->header_is(ETag => '"abc321"');
$t = $t->header_is(ETag => '"abc321"', 'right header');

Check response header for exact match.

header_isnt

$t = $t->header_isnt(Etag => '"abc321"');
$t = $t->header_isnt(ETag => '"abc321"', 'different header');

Opposite of "header_is".

header_like

$t = $t->header_like(ETag => qr/abc/);
$t = $t->header_like(ETag => qr/abc/, 'right header');

Check response header for similar match.

header_unlike

$t = $t->header_unlike(ETag => qr/abc/);
$t = $t->header_unlike(ETag => qr/abc/, 'different header');

Opposite of "header_like".

json_has

$t = $t->json_has('/foo');
$t = $t->json_has('/minibar', 'has a minibar');

Check if JSON response contains a value that can be identified using the given JSON Pointer with Mojo::JSON::Pointer.

json_hasnt

$t = $t->json_hasnt('/foo');
$t = $t->json_hasnt('/minibar', 'no minibar');

Opposite of "json_has".

json_is

$t = $t->json_is({foo => [1, 2, 3]});
$t = $t->json_is('/foo' => [1, 2, 3]);
$t = $t->json_is('/foo/1' => 2, 'right value');

Check the value extracted from JSON response using the given JSON Pointer with Mojo::JSON::Pointer, which defaults to the root value if it is omitted.

json_like

$t = $t->json_like('/foo/1' => qr/^\d+$/);
$t = $t->json_like('/foo/1' => qr/^\d+$/, 'right value');

Check the value extracted from JSON response using the given JSON Pointer with Mojo::JSON::Pointer for similar match.

json_message_has

$t = $t->json_message_has('/foo');
$t = $t->json_message_has('/minibar', 'has a minibar');

Check if JSON WebSocket message contains a value that can be identified using the given JSON Pointer with Mojo::JSON::Pointer.

json_message_hasnt

$t = $t->json_message_hasnt('/foo');
$t = $t->json_message_hasnt('/minibar', 'no minibar');

Opposite of "json_message_has".

json_message_is

$t = $t->json_message_is({foo => [1, 2, 3]});
$t = $t->json_message_is('/foo' => [1, 2, 3]);
$t = $t->json_message_is('/foo/1' => 2, 'right value');

Check the value extracted from JSON WebSocket message using the given JSON Pointer with Mojo::JSON::Pointer, which defaults to the root value if it is omitted.

json_message_like

$t = $t->json_message_like('/foo/1' => qr/^\d+$/);
$t = $t->json_message_like('/foo/1' => qr/^\d+$/, 'right value');

Check the value extracted from JSON WebSocket message using the given JSON Pointer with Mojo::JSON::Pointer for similar match.

json_message_unlike

$t = $t->json_message_unlike('/foo/1' => qr/^\d+$/);
$t = $t->json_message_unlike('/foo/1' => qr/^\d+$/, 'different value');

Opposite of "json_message_like".

json_unlike

$t = $t->json_unlike('/foo/1' => qr/^\d+$/);
$t = $t->json_unlike('/foo/1' => qr/^\d+$/, 'different value');

Opposite of "json_like".

message_is

$t = $t->message_is({binary => $bytes});
$t = $t->message_is({text   => $bytes});
$t = $t->message_is('working!');
$t = $t->message_is('working!', 'right message');

Check WebSocket message for exact match.

message_isnt

$t = $t->message_isnt({binary => $bytes});
$t = $t->message_isnt({text   => $bytes});
$t = $t->message_isnt('working!');
$t = $t->message_isnt('working!', 'different message');

Opposite of "message_is".

message_like

$t = $t->message_like({binary => qr/$bytes/});
$t = $t->message_like({text   => qr/$bytes/});
$t = $t->message_like(qr/working!/);
$t = $t->message_like(qr/working!/, 'right message');

Check WebSocket message for similar match.

message_ok

$t = $t->message_ok;
$t = $t->message_ok('got a message');

Wait for next WebSocket message to arrive.

# Wait for message and perform multiple tests on it
$t->websocket_ok('/time')
  ->message_ok
  ->message_like(qr/\d+/)
  ->message_unlike(qr/\w+/)
  ->finish_ok;

message_unlike

$t = $t->message_unlike({binary => qr/$bytes/});
$t = $t->message_unlike({text   => qr/$bytes/});
$t = $t->message_unlike(qr/working!/);
$t = $t->message_unlike(qr/working!/, 'different message');

Opposite of "message_like".

new

my $t = Test::Mojo->new;
my $t = Test::Mojo->new('MyApp');
my $t = Test::Mojo->new(MyApp->new);

Construct a new Test::Mojo object.

options_ok

$t = $t->options_ok('/foo');
$t = $t->options_ok('/foo' => {Accept => '*/*'} => 'Hi!');
$t = $t->options_ok('/foo' => {Accept => '*/*'} => form => {a => 'b'});
$t = $t->options_ok('/foo' => {Accept => '*/*'} => json => {a => 'b'});

Perform a OPTIONS request and check for transport errors, takes the same arguments as "options" in Mojo::UserAgent, except for the callback.

or

$t = $t->or(sub {...});

Invoke callback if the value of "success" is false.

# Diagnostics
$t->get_ok('/bad')->or(sub { diag 'Must have been Glen!' })
  ->status_is(200)->or(sub { diag $t->tx->res->dom->at('title')->text });

patch_ok

$t = $t->patch_ok('/foo');
$t = $t->patch_ok('/foo' => {Accept => '*/*'} => 'Hi!');
$t = $t->patch_ok('/foo' => {Accept => '*/*'} => form => {a => 'b'});
$t = $t->patch_ok('/foo' => {Accept => '*/*'} => json => {a => 'b'});

Perform a PATCH request and check for transport errors, takes the same arguments as "patch" in Mojo::UserAgent, except for the callback.

post_ok

$t = $t->post_ok('/foo');
$t = $t->post_ok('/foo' => {Accept => '*/*'} => 'Hi!');
$t = $t->post_ok('/foo' => {Accept => '*/*'} => form => {a => 'b'});
$t = $t->post_ok('/foo' => {Accept => '*/*'} => json => {a => 'b'});

Perform a POST request and check for transport errors, takes the same arguments as "post" in Mojo::UserAgent, except for the callback.

# Test file upload
$t->post_ok('/upload' => form => {foo => {content => 'bar'}})
  ->status_is(200);

# Test JSON API
$t->post_ok('/hello.json' => json => {hello => 'world'})
  ->status_is(200)
  ->json_is({bye => 'world'});

put_ok

$t = $t->put_ok('/foo');
$t = $t->put_ok('/foo' => {Accept => '*/*'} => 'Hi!');
$t = $t->put_ok('/foo' => {Accept => '*/*'} => form => {a => 'b'});
$t = $t->put_ok('/foo' => {Accept => '*/*'} => json => {a => 'b'});

Perform a PUT request and check for transport errors, takes the same arguments as "put" in Mojo::UserAgent, except for the callback.

request_ok

$t = $t->request_ok(Mojo::Transaction::HTTP->new);

Perform request and check for transport errors.

 # Request with custom method
 my $tx = $t->ua->build_tx(FOO => '/test.json' => json => {foo => 1});
 $t->request_ok($tx)->status_is(200)->json_is({success => 1});

 # Custom WebSocket handshake
my $tx = $t->ua->build_websocket_tx('/foo');
$tx->req->headers->remove('User-Agent');
$t->request_ok($tx)->message_ok->message_is('bar')->finish_ok;

reset_session

$t = $t->reset_session;

Reset user agent session.

send_ok

$t = $t->send_ok({binary => $bytes});
$t = $t->send_ok({text   => $bytes});
$t = $t->send_ok({json   => {test => [1, 2, 3]}});
$t = $t->send_ok([$fin, $rsv1, $rsv2, $rsv3, $op, $payload]);
$t = $t->send_ok($chars);
$t = $t->send_ok($chars, 'sent successfully');

Send message or frame via WebSocket.

# Send JSON object as "Text" message
$t->websocket_ok('/echo.json')
  ->send_ok({json => {test => 'I ♥ Mojolicious!'}})
  ->message_ok
  ->json_message_is('/test' => 'I ♥ Mojolicious!')
  ->finish_ok;

status_is

$t = $t->status_is(200);
$t = $t->status_is(200, 'right status');

Check response status for exact match.

status_isnt

$t = $t->status_isnt(200);
$t = $t->status_isnt(200, 'different status');

Opposite of "status_is".

text_is

$t = $t->text_is('div.foo[x=y]' => 'Hello!');
$t = $t->text_is('html head title' => 'Hello!', 'right title');

Checks text content of the CSS selectors first matching HTML/XML element for exact match with "at" in Mojo::DOM.

text_isnt

$t = $t->text_isnt('div.foo[x=y]' => 'Hello!');
$t = $t->text_isnt('html head title' => 'Hello!', 'different title');

Opposite of "text_is".

text_like

$t = $t->text_like('div.foo[x=y]' => qr/Hello/);
$t = $t->text_like('html head title' => qr/Hello/, 'right title');

Checks text content of the CSS selectors first matching HTML/XML element for similar match with "at" in Mojo::DOM.

text_unlike

$t = $t->text_unlike('div.foo[x=y]' => qr/Hello/);
$t = $t->text_unlike('html head title' => qr/Hello/, 'different title');

Opposite of "text_like".

websocket_ok

$t = $t->websocket_ok('/echo');
$t = $t->websocket_ok('/echo' => {DNT => 1} => ['v1.proto']);

Open a WebSocket connection with transparent handshake, takes the same arguments as "websocket" in Mojo::UserAgent, except for the callback.

# WebSocket with permessage-deflate compression
$t->websocket('/x' => {'Sec-WebSocket-Extensions' => 'permessage-deflate'})
  ->send_ok('y' x 50000)
  ->message_ok
  ->message_is('z' x 50000)
  ->finish_ok;

SEE ALSO

Mojolicious, Mojolicious::Guides, http://mojolicio.us.